Use one keyword / Use una sola palabra / Utilizez un mot / Utilizzare una parola / Verwenden Sie ein Wort - For comments, scroll to end of content / Para comentarios, véase el final del artículo

First Page True Stories

Truth really can be stranger than fiction.

First Page - Now launched! All the stories are true, or based on real events. Unlimited reading for $4.99 / month. No downloads. Read on your phone, tablet or computer.

La verdad puede ser más extraña que la ficción.

First Page - ¡Ya está en marcha! Todas las historias son verídicas, o están basadas en hechos reales. Lectura ilimitada por $4.99 / mes. No hay que descargar nada. Lea en su teléfono, tableta u ordenador.

Manna Minutes Christian Podcast

Manna Minutes Podcast: Eye-opening Bible study in less than five minutes! Access all episodes here.

Podcast cristiano Manna Minutes

El podcast Manna Minutes: ¡Estudio bíblico que nos hace abrir los ojos en menos de cinco minutos! Acceda a todos los episodios aquí.

Manna Minutes Christian Podcast

Manna Minutes Podcast Auf Deutsch: Augenöffnendes Bibelstudium in weniger als fünf Minuten! Alle Episoden finden Sie hier.

Is The Covid-19 Vaccine Mandate Of God? Or Is It Evil?

Did you know the Word of God (the Christian Bible) speaks directly against what governments are doing with Covid-19 vaccine mandates? Get the facts here

¿Viene de Dios el mandato de vacuna contra el Covid-19? O ¿acaso es malo?

¿Sabía que la Palabra de Dios (la Biblia cristiana) condena de manera directa lo que los gobiernos están haciendo a través de los mandatos de vacuna contra el Covid-19? Obtenga los hechos aquí.


The Third Man by Angela Sheffield

Was There A Curse On Helen's Romantic Life?

The Third Man by Angela Sheffield is based on a true story. Read chapter one now!

Should A Christian Practice Yoga Or Pilates? The Shocking Truth

Perhaps you practice yoga for health reasons, or to reduce stress. But, do you really know the diabolical goal of any form or style of yoga, including pilates? Get your answers here

La verdad espeluznante sobre el yoga revelada por la Biblia cristiana

Quizás practiques yoga por motivos de salud o para reducir el estrés. Pero, ¿realmente conoces el objetivo diabólico de cualquier forma o estilo de yoga, incluido el pilates? Obten tus respuestas aquí.

Communicating With The Dead: Learn The Shocking Truth

The spirit you think is mom, dad, or some other loved one from beyond the grave is NOT your loved one. But, what about the "proof" that the living can indeed talk to the dead? Let God's Word open your eyes to a deception that is pure evil. Read Spirits Of The Deceased

Comunicarse con los muertos: La impactante verdad

El espíritu que parece ser tu madre, padre o algún otro ser querido tuyo desde el más allá NO es tu ser querido. Pero, ¿qué hay de "la prueba" de que los vivos pueden comunicarse con los muertos? Permite que la Palabra de Dios te abra los ojos para que veas el engaño que es de la maldad pura. Te invitamos a leer ¿Están los muertos entre los vivos?

View Content By Specific Category

Physical/Mental Health and Wellness
Bible Contradictions
Christian Encouragement
The Paranormal
Science And The Bible
Biblical End Time Prophecy
Dating, Marriage, Family
Topics That Divide The Church
Christian Spiritual Warfare
Christian Growth
Misconceptions About Christianity
Christian Evangelism
Biblical Warnings
Food and Drink
Grab Bag (Very Interesting)
Christian Answers for Hard Questions
Contenidos en Español
Contenu en Français
Public Opinion


Capital Punishment Is Sanctioned By The Bible

Christians and believers in the Bible, the Word of God calls for the death penalty for first degree murder, rape, and other acts of violence. The Bible tells us to behold the goodness AND the severity of God whose Word--including in the New Testament--does NOT speak against capital punishment Read the scriptural proof now.

La Biblia sanciona la pena capital

Cristianos y creyentes en la Biblia, la Palabra de Dios pide la pena de muerte para el asesinato en primer grado, la violación y otros actos de violencia. La Biblia nos dice que contemplemos la bondad Y la severidad de Dios, cuya Palabra -incluso en el Nuevo Testamento- NO habla en contra de la pena capital. Lea ahora la prueba bíblica.

traducciones inglés español

Teofila Gottfried book

¿Qué tiene que ver conmigo? por Teófila Gottfried

Lo que leemos en la Biblia tiene que ver con todos los seres humanos, sean cristianos o judíos, ateos o agnósticos, budistas, musulmanes o adherentes a alguna de las filosofías o nuevas religiones que surgen en el mundo. ¿Por qué? Ver mayor información sobre este interesante libro.

How an EMT Uses OPQRST for Medical Patient Assessment



Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) learn a lot of things in training they will need in order to efficiently perform their job in the real world. One of those things is learning how to do a medical patient assessment, because not all 911 calls are related to trauma or to cardiac problems. A major part of the medical patient assessment is gathering information from and/or about a patient. This is to perform necessary medical interventions and give an accurate patient care report (PCR) to the nurses and doctors to whom care will be transferred in the emergency room. It's sometimes difficult to remember all of the information that needs to be gathered. That's where the mnemonic OPQRST comes in handy. It's a memory aid to help EMTs ask the questions they should ask a medical patient about signs and symptoms.

O is for Onset

The "O" in OPQRST stands for "onset." It reminds the EMT to ask a patient what he was doing when the pain, signs, and symptoms began. For example, "What were you doing when your stomach began to ache?" During the medical patient assessment, the EMT or one of his co-workers should record information so it is not forgotten. Depending on the emergency medical system in which the EMT works, that might mean writing it down by hand or keying it into an automated patient care report on a notebook computer.

P Is for Provokes

A question such as "Is there anything you can think of that might have caused or provoked....?" Of course the EMT would finish that question based on the patient's chief complaint, which could be anything from abdominal pain to shortness of breath, to a sudden headache. As much information as is pertinent to the reason why 911 was called should be collected during the medical patient assessment.

Q Is for Quality

The "Q" part of OPQRST might sound a little strange. Quality reminds the EMT to ask patients to describe their discomfort in their own words. "Can you describe it (pain or whatever the sign or symptom is) to me?" might be asked to ensure that quality is assessed. Notice that the EMT does not ask questions like: "Is it a sharp pain?" because it's too easy for a patient simply to answer, "yes." This is exactly what might happen when there's a language barrier between the EMT and the patient.

R Is for Radiation

The "R" of OPQRST reminds the EMT to find out exactly where the pain is with a simple question like, "Where exactly does it hurt?" The patient can point to the area of discomfort if he's physically able to do so, or he can describe to the EMT where the pain is. Location of pain can reveal very valuable clues to what problem is taking place even before arrival to the hospital. This information from the medical patient assessment is given to the health care providers to whom patient care will be transferred.

S Is for Severity

Although EMTs state the impression of a patient in their patient care report, the patient himself is who rates the severity of his pain. The EMT can simply ask him to rate the discomfort on a scale from one to ten. Obviously, one is virtually no discomfort while ten is the highest severity of pain. Some patients who are speaking in a calm voice might rate severity at a ten while others who appear to be in great discomfort might rate severity at a four or five. Regardless of these inconsistencies, the EMT records the numbers stated by the patient.

T Ends OPQRST and Is for Time

The "T" of the memory aid might easily be confused with "O" for onset. However, "O" prompts the EMT to ask the patient what he was doing. "T" for time, on the other hand, is a reminder to ask when the pain, signs, and symptoms started and if anything about them has changed since that time. For example, "Did the pain grow worse?"

OPQRST is a memory aid for the first part of another mnemonic used to teach EMT students to do patient assessment: SAMPLE.

Copyright notice: This website and its content is copyright of © Heavenly Manna (HeavenlyManna.net) 2002-2016.


Send Comments or a Private Message about One of Our Services / Envíe Comentarios o un Mensaje Privado acerca de nuestros servicios

We're a small team, please be patient as we review comments.

Submit your comment for publication on this site (2,000 characters limit). Private messages about our services are NEVER displayed. Envíe su comentario para que lo publiquemos en este sitio (hasta 2.000 caracteres). NUNCA publicamos los mensajes privados acerca de nuestros servicios:

Comments made. (They close at 10.) Comments awaiting approval included in the count.) Cantidad de comentarios (El sistema admite hasta 10, y luego se cierra automáticamente)  

Please do the math to send your comment. Por favor, calcule para enviar su comentario.
+ =

Notify me when others comment on this article / Avíseme cuando los comenten este artículo

Return to content (Regresar a contenidos)

©2003 - 2013 Heavenly Manna Ministries
Images: courtesy of Free Digital Photos, openstockphotography.org, FreeFoto.com, Wikimedia Commons. Multiple crosses image - Wikimedia Commons - C.G.P Grey - Animation by Heavenly Manna